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Carl Rogers

Adapted by: Encyclopedia Britannica
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Carl R. Rogers, in full Carl Ransom Rogers (born Jan. 8, 1902, Oak Park, Ill., U.S.—diedFeb. 4, 1987, La Jolla, Calif.) American psychologist who originated the nondirective, or client-centred, approach to psychotherapy, emphasizing a person-to-person relationship between the therapist and the client (formerly known as the patient), who determines the course, speed, and duration of treatment.

Rogers attended the University of Wisconsin, but his interest in psychology and psychiatry originated while he was a student at Union Theological Seminary, New York City. After two years he left the seminary and took his M.A. (1928) and his Ph.D. (1931) from Columbia University’s Teachers College. While completing his doctoral work, he engaged in child study at the Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Children, Rochester, N.Y., becoming the agency’s director in 1930.

From 1935 to 1940 he lectured at the University of Rochester and wrote The Clinical Treatment of the Problem Child (1939), based on his experience in working with troubled children. In 1940 he became professor of clinical psychology at Ohio State University, where he wrote Counseling and Psychotherapy (1942). In it Rogers suggested that the client, by establishing a relationship with an understanding, accepting therapist, can resolve difficulties and gain the insight necessary to restructure his life.

While a professor of psychology at the University of Chicago (1945–57), Rogers helped to establish a counseling centre connected with the university and there conducted studies to determine the effectiveness of his methods. His findings and theories appeared in Client-Centered Therapy (1951) and Psychotherapy and Personality Change (1954). He taught psychology at the University of Wisconsin, Madison (1957–63), during which time he wrote one of his best-known books, On Becoming a Person(1961). In 1963 he moved to La Jolla, Calif., where he helped to found and became a resident fellow of the Center for Studies of the Person. His later books include Carl Rogers on Personal Power (1977) and Freedom to Learn for the 80’s (1983).

Carl Rogers’s counselling session with Gloria is a third of a training film titled Three Approaches to Psychotherapy (1965). The other two sessions were with Fritz Perls (Gestalt), and Albert Ellis (Rational Emotive).  Carl R Rogers; Frederick S Perls; Albert Ellis; Everett L Shostrom; Psychological & Educational Films

 

Written by: The Editors of Encyclopedia Britannica, http://www.britannica.com/biography/Carl-R-Rogers


15 Comments

  1. sheyla4801 says:

    read and understood

    Like

  2. andreachavezlopez says:

    Carl Rogers was an American psychologist who oriented psychotherapy.

    Like

  3. lillyanamayo says:

    I agree with Carl Roger’s concept of a person to person relationship between the client and therapist, I believe that the client needs to trust the therapist in order to feel comfortable.

    Like

  4. Lydia Li says:

    Rogers: humanistic psychology and believed that everyone’s goal was to reach his/her fullest potential

    Like

  5. Debbie Ross says:

    Rogers, psychologist which believed in a person to person relationship between a therapist and their clients. Allowing clients to feel more comfortable talking with their therapist one on one

    Like

  6. Harman P Singh says:

    This theory impacts everyone because at one point we were all troubled and this theory would help the ones that need it the most

    Like

  7. eguerrieo says:

    Read and understood. The originator of the client centered approach to psychotherapy.

    Like

  8. cindyv85 says:

    Carl rogers focused on troubled child, child cruelty and neglect

    Like

  9. JingRen says:

    Rogers’s theory is important because it is hard for the patients to find people who they can actually talk to comfortably.

    Like

  10. Clarisse Noubissi Tchemwe says:

    I thing his theory is helpful because he worked with the children who were trouble .

    Like

  11. Fernando L Sousa says:

    Carl Rogers main theory was Humanistic theory which basically looks at the positive aspect of a person’s being and not the dysfunction

    Like

  12. JESSICA BRUNS says:

    I agree with his opinion of Development of Personality.

    Like

  13. Kiana Jeanniton says:

    His humanistic theory was based on the necessity to grow to reach their potential, this is the main goal during behavior.

    Like

  14. anthonymansi001 says:

    Rogers pretty much originated one on one therapy if you would call it that . which is still widely used to this day.

    Like

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