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Holocaust

The United States Holocaust Memorial Museum

Never Again Begins With You….
The United States Holocaust Memorial Museum

The Holocaust was the systematic, bureaucratic, state-sponsored persecution and murder of six million Jews by the Nazi regime and its collaborators. Holocaust is a word of Greek origin meaning “sacrifice by fire.” The Nazis, who came to power in Germany in January 1933, believed that Germans were “racially superior” and that the Jews, deemed “inferior,” were an alien threat to the so-called German racial community.

Compliance – Obedience – Conformity

World War II and the subsequent claims by those who carried out the Holocaust:
They were “just following orders.”

The subsequent claims of the German people:
“We Didn’t Know….”
“How Did You Not Know???”
Citizen’s Held Accountable:
German Citizens Forced to Tour Nazi Death Camp’s

Compliance – Obedience – Conformity
Some Were Neighbors….

Did the Jewish people comply?
Were the Jewish people obedient?
Did the Jewish people conform?

Why was the Eichman trial so important?
Why were the outcomes of Stanley Milgrams experiement so shocking?
What was the outcome of Phillip Zimbardo’s study?

The Bystander Effect:

The Holocaust is a great example of the bystander effect because the towns and cities near the concentration camps knew fully well of the atrocities and horror inside the camps. These citizens could smell the camps from as far as twenty miles away before finding them. Therefore, the mayhem could not be ignored. The populations made no effort to
stop the torture, yet they were forced to clean up the corpses and bury them in mass graves.

Germans were also victims of cultural ethical relativism, believing that if their government thought that genocide was ethically relative behavior in their culture, then they should comply. In other cases, with more people, individuals are less likely to take responsibility. They assume that someone else will intervene.

Resistance:
Jeanne Daman poses with Jewish children under her care in the Nos Petits kindergarten.

Biography: Jeanne Daman (later Scaglione) was a young Roman Catholic Belgian school tHolocaust Educatorseacher when the war began. After Jewish children were no longer permitted to attend regular public schools, Fela Perelman approached her and asked whether she would be willing to join the staff of Nos Petits, a Jewish kindergarten in Brussels. Jeanne was only 21 at he time. Not only did she respond positively, but she eventually became the headmistress of the school. When the deportation of Belgian Jews began in 1942, she helped find hiding places for 2,000 children. She also helped rescue many Jewish men by obtaining false papers for them. At the end of the war she became actively involved with the Belgian resistance transporting arms on her bike and providing intelligence for them. Immediately after the war she helped care for orphans, reunite families and raise funds for the United Jewish Appeal. She married University of California, Berekely professor Aldo Scaglione. She was honored for her work both by the king of Belgium and by Yad Vashem, who in 1971 recognized her as a Righteous Among the Nations.  
Photo: Belgian schoolteacher Jeanne Damon with some of the 2,000 Jewish children she placed with families who took the risk to help them. US Holocaust Memorial Museum, gift of Jeanne Daman Scaglione.  United States Holocaust Memorial Museum originally shared:

WWII HISTORY REVIEW:

Personal History ID Cards Holocaust

Summary I

Summary II

Summary III

Summary IV

 

 

 

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