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Whatever is good to know, is hard to learn – Greek Proverb

learning

Learning:  Relatively permanent change in behavior that is brought about by experience

•Behaviorism:  The theory of learning that focuses solely on observable behaviors

TYPES OF LEARNING:

•Classical Conditioning

•Operant Conditioning

•Social/Observational Learning

•Cognitive Factors in Learning

CLASSICAL CONDITIONING

Ivan PavlovPavlov+s+dog+s+experiment_dd05fa_4912061

Classical Conditioning: Type of learning in which a neutral stimulus comes to elicit a

response after being paired with a stimulus that naturally brings about that response

OPERANT CONDITIONING 

skinner box

•Operant Conditioning: Learning through positive and negative reinforcement: A form of learning that takes place when an instance of spontaneous behavior is either reinforced by a reward or discouraged by punishment

Behavior Followed by a Consequence

SOCIAL LEARNING THEORY – OBSERVATIONAL LEARNING

social-cognitive-theory-4-638

Monkey See, Monkey Do

•Observing and Imitating Another’s Behavior

Social/Observational Learning

•Occurs when an observer’s behavior changes after viewing the behavior of a model

INSTINCT LEARNINGINSTINCT

Kohler Experiment Insight/Instinct Learning

In the 1920’s, German psychologist Wolfgang Kohler exposed chimpanzees to novel learning tasks and concluded that they were able to learn by insight

SULTANSULTAN

Instinict/Innate Versus Learned Behavior

Instinct is innate, meaning that instinctive behaviors and responses are present and complete within the individual at birth. In other words, the individual does not have to undergo any experience to acquire such behaviors. For example, fish have an innate ability to swim, whereas most mammals must learn how to walk. It is fairly easy to identify innate behavior when an animal exhibits it at birth, but in some cases innate behavior manifests only later in life (Science Clarified, 2016).

  • Inborn, unlearned, goal directed behavior that is characteristic of an entire species
  • Human behavior is not easily explained by instincts because:

Important Human behavior is learned

Human behavior is rarely inflexible

References:

Bernstein, D.A. & Nash, P.W. (2008). Essentials of psychology (4th ed.) Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company.

Feldman, R. (2013). Essentials of understanding psychology (11th ed.). New York, NY: McGraw-Hill.

Friedman, H.S. & Schustack, M.W. (2012), Personality: classic theories and modern research (5th ed). Boston: Pearson Allyn & Bacon.

McGraw-Hill.McGraw Hill Higher Education (2013), The McGraw Hill Companies, Inc.

Ryckman, R. M. (2013). Theories of personality (10th ed.). Mason, OH: Cengage Learning.

Science Clarified, Real Life Biology, Vol. 3 – Earth Science, Vol. 1/Instinct and Learning

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18 Comments

  1. Hrich says:

    Read and Understood.

    Like

  2. dezgoncalves says:

    Read , but certain parts confused me!

    Like

  3. David Name Leon says:

    read and understood

    Like

  4. David Name Leon says:

    read and understand

    Like

  5. aymarasoto says:

    Read and understood most of it professor

    Liked by 1 person

  6. Nakari Gibson says:

    Read/ watched and semi understood..

    Liked by 1 person

  7. sanunez27 says:

    Read and understand

    Liked by 1 person

  8. Christian Santos says:

    Read and understood! 😀

    Liked by 1 person

  9. yu012117 says:

    read and understood but a bit confused,

    Liked by 1 person

  10. hibaeva says:

    Read and watch videos, some of them I kind got the Idea for example Albert Banura theory was ok to understand it and other felt I need more explaining especially when it comes to the different type of learning.

    Liked by 1 person

  11. Netra Kumari Bhattarai says:

    read it and a little confused

    Liked by 1 person

  12. Nigus workie says:

    I read and understand four types of learning operant, classic,observational and innate

    Liked by 1 person

  13. Avery Ross Burkhardt says:

    Read it and i understand mostly

    Liked by 1 person

  14. philgdasilva says:

    read and understood

    Liked by 1 person

  15. Kumar21 says:

    read and somewhat understood but I would like to learn more about the differences of Inmate and learned learning

    Liked by 1 person

  16. ojune4 says:

    read and understood for the most part!

    Liked by 1 person

  17. knguyen21 says:

    The video between these two different types of behaviors really interested me because of the way that the teacher explained it. He made it seem much easier to understand through using real-life, simple examples such as a bird already having instincts and born with behaviors and also using a spotlight and how we react to it. After watching the video, I know now about how unaware I am about the instincts that I make, mostly about kinesis where I may make random noises or movements from time to time due to a certain stimulus that provokes me. I’m more interested, however, in learned behavior and how not only can we be able to learn and display that behavior later, but animals can do so as well. I want to continue learning specifically about operant conditioning and how intense animals can react to a certain stimulus through this type of conditioning.

    Like

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