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Sigmund Freud (1856–1939)

freudFreud developed psychoanalysis, a method through which an analyst unpacks unconscious conflicts based on the free associations, dreams and fantasies of the patient. His theories on child sexuality, libido and the ego, among other topics, were some of the most influential academic concepts of the 20th century.

Sigmund Freud, physiologist, medical doctor, psychologist, was an influential thinker of the twentieth century. Freud’s innovative treatment of human actions, dreams, and indeed of cultural object s as invariably possessing implicit symbolic significance has proven to be extraordinarily productive, and has had immense implications for a wide variety of fields, including anthropology, semiotics, and artistic creativity and appreciation in addition to psychology. However, Freud’s most important and frequently re-iterated claim, that with psychoanalysis he had invented a new science of the mind, remains the subject of much disapproval and controversy.

Sigmund Freud was born in Pribor, Czechoslovakia, in 1856. Although Freud was a gifted student, it took him eight years to finish his medical degree at the University of Vienna, partly because he was interested in so many topics. Freud first pursued a career as a neurologist, but financial concerns forced him into general medical practice.

In cooperation with his friend Joseph Breuer, Freud began to treat hysterical women. This is unusual, because at the time there was no known cure for hysteria, which is now known as a conversion disorder. Through trial and error and feedback from his clients, Breuer and Freud developed the technique known as psychoanalysis. Its fundamental rule is honesty; clients must relay all thoughts and feelings uncensored to the analyst. Clients then follow their stream of thought wherever it may lead, a process known as free association. In the course of free association, clients often uncover traumatic events in the past, and, upon reliving these events, often experience relief from their symptoms.

Freud’s first major work, The Interpretation of Dreams (1900), detailed the process of dream interpretation, which he felt was the “royal road to the unconscious.” Although it took six years to sell the first 600 copies printed, this work was reprinted eight times during Freud’s lifetime. Although the technique of psychoanalysis is perhaps Freud’s most important legacy, he made many other substantial contributions to psychology. These include the recognition of the importance of sexuality and unconscious processes, a fully developed system of personality, and an appreciation for the conflict between individual desires and the constraints of society.

Cicarelli, S.K., & White, J.N. (2015).


19 Comments

  1. Yasmin says:

    Freud came up with psychoanalysis, and the theory that the mind was divided into three, the conscious, preconscious, unconscious

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  2. Sayomi says:

    I think Freud’s development of psychoanalysis and psychoanalytic therapy is a great approach to treating patients who suffer from trauma. This method in my opinion allows the pt.to feel as if they matter and that they’re being listened to. It also test the provider’s therapeutic skills as they try to pick out key information from all the pt. is saying.

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  3. lillyanamayo says:

    I believe that Sigmund Freud’s concept of psychoanalysis is one of the most influential discoveries in history (especially during that time when there was no cure for hysteria).

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  4. Lydia Li says:

    Sigmund Freud is the founder of psychoanalysis, which is when patients are told to talk freely about anything but in the process, they are likely to talk about their traumatic experiences. He also believed that people were driven by sex.

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  5. Harman P Singh says:

    Although many ideas are very extreme and sexist, he still looked passed physical illnesses and looked for mental ones.

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  6. cindyv85 says:

    Freud was the father of Psychoanalysis, the talking cure

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  7. Debbie Ross says:

    Freud is the founder of psychoanalysis. He believed that our minds are responsible for unconscious and conscious behavior. He also believed that there is a such thing as psychic energy.

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  8. andreachavezlopez says:

    Freud was an influential thinker who had many theories.

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  9. eguerrieo says:

    Read and would like to do more research on his dream interpretation.

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  10. JingRen says:

    Due to Sigmund Freud’s many important theories, he is considered one of the most influential thinkers of the twentieth century.

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  11. Abdi Abera says:

    the greatest man for ever. His theory is the most acceptable in-front of the world specially the psychoanalysis (“method through which an analyst unpacks unconscious conflicts based on the free associations, dreams and fantasies of the patient”).

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  12. sheyla4801 says:

    read and kind of understood. Sigmund Freud had many theories.

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  13. JESSICA BRUNS says:

    Freud has many theories, one of those was the Psicanalise, one of the most used techniques nowadays. This theory believe that the person be free of the traumas, after been honest opening the mind.

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  14. jessicabrunss says:

    I agree with his theory of psicanalise. In my poor opinion, that id one of the most used tecniques of treatment used nowadays.

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  15. ezitterk says:

    I’am fascinated about psychoanalyzing a dream, trying to understand what our unconscious is trying to tell us but I don’t agree that every dream is related to a sexual trauma o sexual desire.

    Liked by 1 person

  16. Clarisse Noubissi Tchemwe says:

    his approach developed the system of personality and the conflict between individual desires and the constraints of society .

    Like

  17. Kiana Jeanniton says:

    I agree with the importance in uncovering trama, tracking it source and moving on from it but I do not really see the correlation to sexuality, unless the trama has to do with it. And I also understand how it can effect your Unconsciousness in your dreams, your mind trying to telling you to let go on something.

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  18. anthony mansi says:

    i agree with Freud theory as far as id, ego,and super ego, but as far as it driven on sexual or violent thoughts i do not.

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  19. Fernando L Sousa says:

    I don’t agree with Sigmund Freuds theory in entirely especially with every driving force being sexual or violent but i do agree with the theory of Id ego and the superego as all layers of the psyche. I feel he was spot on for a lot of Psychoanalysis being controlled by the unconscious defense mechanisms the majority of Psychotherapy are laid in his principles but some of it just gets really weird like infantile masturbation !

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