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Social Cognition


Social cognition is how people think about themselves and the social world. The study of the proud to be memental processes people use to make sense out of their social environment.

Individuality:  Individual differences are defined as the aspects of people’s personalities that make them different from other people.

Individual differences conforming in social situations:


Self-esteem is a person’s evaluation of their own self-worth

Self-concept how one imagines other people perceive them

Self-perception also influences how your perceive others and how your act on your perceptions

Person Perception:

The mental processes we use to form judgments and draw conclusions about the characteristics and motives of others

Personal perception is an active and subjective process that always occurs in some interpersonal context, which has three key components:

The characteristics of the individual you are attempting to size up

Your own characteristics as the perceiver

The specific situation in which the process occurs

Perception, Experiences, and Stereotypes

On the basis of very limited information, we quickly draw conclusions about the nature of people who are complete strangers to us,, how much of this analysis is a product of past experiences or stereotypes? How does esteem influence perception?

Aronson, E., (2012) The Social Animal(11th ed). New York: Worth Publishers
Myers, D., (2015) Exploring Social Psychology(7th ed). McGraw Hill.

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