Major Structure and Functions:
The Brain: An organ of soft nervous tissue contained in the skull of vertebrates, functioning as the coordinating center of sensation and intellectual and nervous activity.
Amygdala: Limbic system structure involved in emotion and aggression
Cerebellum: Coordinates fine muscle movement, balance
Cerebrum: Involved in sensing, thinking, learning, emotion, consciousness,
and voluntary movement
Corpus Callosum: Bridge of fibers passinginformation between the two cerebral hemispheres
Hippocampus: Limbic system structure involved in learning and memory
Medulla: Regulates vital functions such as breathing and circulation
Pons: Involved in sleep and arousal
Pituitary Gland: “Master” gland that regulates other endocrine glands
Hypothalamus: Regulates basic biological needs: hunger, thirst, temperature control
Reticular Formation: Group of fibers that carries stimulation related to sleep and arousal
through brain stem
Spinal cord: Transmits information between brain and rest of body; handles simple reflexes
Thalamus: Relay center for incoming sensory information
Bernstein, D.A. & Nash, P.W. (2008). Essentials of psychology (4th ed.) Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company.
Feldman, R. (2013). Essentials of understanding psychology (11th ed.). New York, NY: McGraw-Hill.
McGraw-Hill.McGraw Hill Higher Education (2013), The McGraw Hill Companies, Inc.