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The First Force

Freudian/NeoFreudian Psychoanalytical Perspectives of Personalityfreud 1
The First Force

Freudian and NeoFreudian perspectives of personality indicated that psychological factors not biological factors determined behavior and personality. Psychoanalytical theory suggested that the way one perceives or interprets situations, conscious and unconscious processes are the main determinants of personality. Freud and NeoFreudian’s believed that behavior and personality are primarily dictated by unconscious processes.

Freudian theory of personality is discussed as two basic drives sex and aggression that motivate one’s behavior, thoughts, and emotions. According to Freud, sex and aggression underlie all motivation that humans experience. As Freudian theory evolved Friedman and Schustack explained how Freud placed more emphasis on one’s internal struggle, creating the Freudian structural model of the id, ego, and superego.

Freud has been described as stubborn in his beliefs which created dissension in the ranks. The break from the Freudian camp introduced new psychological theories and concepts known as NeoFreudian perspectives of psychology. The one concept of development that these new theories agreed upon was Freud’s perspective of the unconscious as an important motivator of emotions, cognitions, and behaviors. Freud’s theory of the unconscious has sustained time and has been adapted into many of the NeoFreudian theories and concepts. These Freudian theories coupled with the NeoFreudian belief that environmental factors must be taken into consideration introduced a new era of personality psychology.

NeoFreudian’s were firm on their position that Freud neglected to consider giving social and cultural factors as sufficiently important roles in the development and dynamics of personality. This new perspective on personality also diminished the importance of the events of childhood as determinants of adult personality. Researchers have indicated that the first to leave the Freudian camp was Alfred Adler. Adler theorized that humans are inherently social beings motivated by social interest and possess the desire to advance the welfare of others.

Jung’s break from Freudian psychology was because of Jung’s belief that Freudian theory limited the scope of the unconscious mind gave way to Jung’s new theory, the collective unconscious, that exhibited fears and behaviors in adults and children that were remarkable similar across time and culture. Jung theorized that these similarities were more than coincidence and introduced the collective unconscious and concluded that this collective unconscious was a predominant influence on personality development. Major and significant contributions to these new concepts in psychology were those introduced by Karen Horney. Horney is responsible for changing the perceptions of gender. Firm on her position, Horney adamantly disagreed with Freud’s perspectives of women. Horney rejected Freud’s concept of penis envy and disagreed with the Freudian belief that males and females instinctively had differences in personality. Horney was proactive in promoting equality insisting that men and woman were equal and that gender differences were learned. Horney argued that societal and cultural life experiences were primary factors in the development of personality.

Research has also identified Erik Erikson’s belief that personality development is a life time process. Erikson theorized that one can maintain individuality, uniqueness, and experience a sense of belonging and wholeness. Erikson also believed that people with a strong sense of identity has the ability to change and grow through life’s experiences. In response to the Freudian/Neo-Freudian perspectives of personality development the inception of trait theories, the biological perspective of development of personality was introduced.

Veronica Emilia Nuzzolo, MED

References
Bernstein, D.A. & Nash, P.W. (2008). Essentials of psychology (4th ed.) Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company.
Feldman, R. (2013). Essentials of understanding psychology (11th ed.). New York, NY: McGraw-Hill.
Friedman, H.S. & Schustack, M.W. (2012), Personality: classic theories and modern research (5th ed). Boston: Pearson Allyn & Bacon.
Ryckman, R. M. (2013). Theories of personality (10th ed.). Mason, OH: Cengage Learning.


25 Comments

  1. Sayomi (Grace) says:

    Read and understood. I do however have a few questions in regards to collective unconscious .

    Like

  2. Yasmin says:

    Read, understood the Freudian and Neofreudian, and somewhat understood the collective unconscious theory.

    Like

  3. sheyla4801 says:

    read and understood

    Like

  4. andreachavezlopez says:

    read and understood.

    Like

  5. Terrence germain says:

    Read and somewhat understood

    Like

  6. Melissa Morillo says:

    read and somewhat understand the concept

    Like

  7. Navy says:

    Read and somewhat understood.

    Like

  8. hfisk801 says:

    read and understood

    Like

  9. eguerrieo says:

    Read . I get the concept.

    Like

  10. jose osorio says:

    Read and understood

    Like

  11. Kamilla DeFreitas says:

    read and understood the different beliefs that each Neo-Freudian theorist had that opposed Freuds theory of personality and how that lead to each separating from working alongside Freud

    Like

  12. anthonymansi001 says:

    Read it and understand

    Like

  13. Debbie Ross says:

    Read and understood the Id, Ego and Superego are all a part of personality development

    Like

  14. Lydia Li says:

    Read and mostly understood Freud’s theory and some of the NeoFreudian theories

    Like

  15. JingRen says:

    Read and understood parts about Freudian perspectives, but confused about the rest.

    Like

  16. Jeremiah Rodas says:

    Read and understood

    Like

  17. Carole Saintil says:

    read and understood

    Like

  18. cnoubiss says:

    Read but I don’t understand the video

    Like

  19. Harman P Singh says:

    i read and understood how our childhood experiences and unconscious ideas influence our behavior. i was a little confused on libido from the video

    Like

  20. lillyanamayo says:

    Read and somewhat understood. I find it interesting that Jung believed that gender differences were learned.

    Like

  21. Fernando L Sousa says:

    read and somewhat understood a little confused on the collective unconscious part also i liked Eriksons theory on a person being able to change. I don’t like the idea of someone being stuck sounds depressing and definitely not true

    Like

  22. Fernando L Sousa says:

    read and definitely didn’t understand the video

    Like

  23. cmfenelo says:

    Read and understand

    Like

  24. JESSICA BRUNS says:

    Read and understood

    Like

  25. Olivia Filipowich says:

    read and understood

    Like

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