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The Second Force

Behavioral Theorylearning 1
The Second Force

Behaviorists use the basic principles of learning when determining personality development. The concept of behaviorism suggests that all behavior is in response to environmental stimuli and that the responses to various stimuli are learned from past experience and are dictated by present circumstance. Unlike psychoanalytical and trait theorists, behaviorists study only observable behavior. Introduced by John B. Watson, explanations of personality focus solely on learning.

Behaviorism has been described as learning, the relatively permanent behavioral change and further indicated that as one experiences change perceptions of environmental situations change. John Watson was the first to study people and how the process of learning affects our behavior and in turn our personalities. Watson’s experiment with Lil Albert concluded that humans could be classically conditioned as were Pavlov’s dogs.

The central idea behind behaviorism is that only observable behaviors are researchable, inner thoughts and emotions are private and to subjective. Feldman also discussed B. F. Skinner’s belief that people’s personalities are developed because of the responses derived from consequence. Skinner believed because people learn in social situations that social situations will contribute to and shape personalities. Skinner did not agree with Freudian theory that personality fully developed in childhood. Skinner was firm on his belief that behavior and personality will always change according to the consequence of the social situation.

 

Veronica Emilia Nuzzolo, MED

References:
Bernstein, D.A. & Nash, P.W. (2008). Essentials of psychology (4th ed.) Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company.
Feldman, R. (2013). Essentials of understanding psychology (11th ed.). New York, NY: McGraw-Hill.
Friedman, H.S. & Schustack, M.W. (2012), Personality: classic theories and modern research (5th ed). Boston: Pearson Allyn & Bacon.
Ryckman, R. M. (2013). Theories of personality (10th ed.). Mason, OH: Cengage Learning.


23 Comments

  1. Sayomi (Grace) says:

    Behavioral Psychology is one of my favorite fields of psychology. The experiments associated with psychology are interesting and often time allow one to think about the different aspects of behavior.

    Liked by 1 person

  2. Yasmin says:

    Read and understood

    Like

  3. sheyla4801 says:

    read and understood.

    Like

  4. andreachavezlopez says:

    Read and understood.

    Like

  5. Navy says:

    Read and watched. Somewhat understand

    Like

  6. Terrence germain says:

    Read and somewhat understood

    Like

  7. Melissa Morillo says:

    read and understood this more

    Like

  8. hfisk801 says:

    read and understood

    Like

  9. eguerrieo says:

    Read and watched.

    Like

  10. jose osorio says:

    read and understood

    Like

  11. Kamilla DeFreitas says:

    read and understood

    Like

  12. anthonymansi001 says:

    Read this and was explained well.

    Like

  13. Debbie Ross says:

    Read and understood

    Like

  14. Lydia Li says:

    Read and understood the connections made between behaviorism and Skinner/Pavlov’s experiment.

    Like

  15. Jeremiah Rodas says:

    Read and understood

    Like

  16. JingRen says:

    Read and understood most parts.

    Like

  17. Carole Saintil says:

    read and understood

    Like

  18. Harman P Singh says:

    read and understood that behaviorists study only observable behavior and not internal because it is subjective and varies.

    Like

  19. lillyanamayo says:

    Read and understood (especially since we have already learned about Behaviorism through Lil Albert and Pavlov’s dogs).

    Like

  20. cmfenelo says:

    Read and understand

    Like

  21. Fernando L Sousa says:

    read and somewhat understood

    Liked by 1 person

  22. JESSICA BRUNS says:

    Read and understood

    Like

  23. Olivia Filipowich says:

    Read and understood

    Like

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