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The Third Force

Humanistic Theory
The Third Force

In response to psychoanalytical and behavioral theory, the “Third Force” humanistic theory emphasizes free will, freedom of choice, personal accountability.

Humanistic perspective emphasizes the responsibility people have for their own behavior, even when their behavior is seen as abnormal, This theory grew out of the work of Carl Rogers and Abraham Maslow.  Humanistic theory concentrates on what is uniquely human, viewing people as basically rational, oriented toward a social world, and motivated to seek self-actualization (Rogers, 1995). Focusing on the relationship of the individual to society, humanistic theory considers the ways in which people view themselves in relation to others and how they see their place in the world.  These views people have the awareness of of life and of themselves that leads them to search for meaning and self-worth.  Though criticized for its reliance on unscientific, unverifiable information and its vague, almost philosophical formulations, this theory offers a distinctive view of abnormal behavior.

A major tenet of humanistic psychology is that humans possess an inner drive to grow, improve, and use their potential to the fullest Abraham Maslow calls the ultimate in completed growth self-actualization According to Maslow, the self-actualizing person is reaching the highest level of personal development and has fully realized her or his potential as a human being.

Social/Cognitive Perspective of Personality

The social-cognitive perspective as been described as personality development that is comprised of learned behaviors that are displayed in particular social situations. This perspective expands the original learning theory of personality which theorizes that personality is learned in social situations through interaction and observation. Feldman continued to explain that further research by Albert Bandura indicated that people learn what they consider to be appropriate responses by observation. By watching others in addition to thinking and reasoning personality develops and changes over time. Albert Bandura argued that personality development requires constant interaction of thought, environment, and behavior, and that one component alone could not explain personality. Feldman explained the reciprocal determinism theory that Bandura coined concluding that personality is shaped by all of the stated elements and not one in itself.

Veronica Emilia Nuzzolo, MED

References:
Bernstein, D.A. & Nash, P.W. (2008). Essentials of psychology (4th ed.) Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company.
Feldman, R. (2013). Essentials of understanding psychology (11th ed.). New York, NY: McGraw-Hill.
Friedman, H.S. & Schustack, M.W. (2012), Personality: classic theories and modern research (5th ed). Boston: Pearson Allyn & Bacon.
Ryckman, R. M. (2013). Theories of personality (10th ed.). Mason, OH: Cengage Learning.


31 Comments

  1. Sayomi (Grace) says:

    Read and understood

    Like

  2. Yasmin says:

    Read and somewhat understood

    Like

  3. sheyla4801 says:

    read and understood.

    Like

  4. andreachavezlopez says:

    Read and kind of understood.

    Like

  5. anthonymansi001 says:

    Read makes sense that it is free will .

    Like

  6. Navy says:

    Read and somewhat understood.

    Like

  7. Terrence germain says:

    Read and understood

    Like

  8. melissa morillo says:

    read and understood, the third force is about just having freedom in everyday life, being able to express self and so much more.

    Like

  9. hfisk801 says:

    read and understood. Free Will is an interesting thing to discuss!

    Like

  10. jose osorio says:

    read and understood

    Like

  11. Kamilla DeFreitas says:

    read and understood, the third force is about just having freedom in everyday life, being able to express self and behave the way you want, observation of people in their everyday actions creates personality development

    Like

  12. Debbie Ross says:

    Read and understand that the humanistic theory is responsible for a persons accountability of their own behavior

    Like

  13. Lydia Li says:

    Read and understood for the most part. I agree with the humanistic theory and though it might not be backed up by scientific proof, it is very logical.

    Like

  14. Jeremiah Rodas says:

    Read and understood

    Like

  15. JingRen says:

    Read and mostly understood since we have looked the different theorists before.

    Like

  16. Carole Saintil says:

    read and understood

    Like

  17. Harman P Singh says:

    the theory focuses on the conscious and we all have free will. the theory is something like transcendentalism and the belief that all people have a good side.

    Like

  18. lillyanamayo says:

    Read and somewhat understood. I agree that observation majorly impacts our personality.

    Like

  19. Fernando L Sousa says:

    read and somewhat understood humanistic your responsible for one’s own behavior just getting a little confused when they ad freud’s theory to it on the video such as him being associated with the uncouniouness etc im not really connecting it all yet

    Like

  20. JESSICA BRUNS says:

    Read and understood

    Like

  21. Olivia Filipowich says:

    I wasnt sure if we were supposed to say we read and understood these as well as the personality page. lol

    Like

  22. dezgoncalves says:

    READ AND UNDERSTOOD!

    Liked by 1 person

  23. Kumar21 says:

    read and somewhat understood

    Liked by 1 person

  24. Nigus Workie says:

    read and understand most parts

    Liked by 1 person

  25. sanunez27 says:

    Read and understand

    Like

  26. Netra Kumari Bhattarai says:

    read and a bit understand

    Like

  27. ojune4 says:

    Read and sort of understood

    Like

  28. amar says:

    read and somewhat understood

    Like

  29. Avery Burkhardt says:

    read it and kind of understand

    Like

  30. emilka627 says:

    Read and understood somewhat

    Like

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